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In the Netherlands, European environmental directives for agriculture are contained in the Environmental Management Act (Wet milieubeheer in Dutch), the Activities Decree (Activiteitenbesluit) and the Decree on Ammonia Emission from Livestock Housing (Besluit Ammoniakemissie Huisvesting Veehouderij).

The Industrial Emissions Directive (2010/75/EU) regulates intensive livestock farming. It is implemented through the Activities Decree with general binding rules. In some cases, these general binding rules do not apply. In that case permits are needed for intensive livestock farming, for example for installations for rearing poultry or pigs intensively.


The European Union Network for the Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental Law (IMPEL) has investigated IPPC piggeries. IPPC piggeries are piggeries with more than:

  • 2,000 places for production pigs (over 30 kg); or
  • 750 places for sows

There was a comparison programme about permits and inspections for IPPC pig-farming installations. The project focused on five key issues:

  • manure storage
  • manure spreading
  • animal housing system
  • air-abatement systems
  • odour assessment

The following documents are available:

More information is available on the website of IMPEL.